MECOSTA COUNTY

 

Population Trends & Projections Ė Mecosta Countyís population increased by 15.8 percent between 1980 and 2010 to reach a total of 42,798 (Table 27).  While this is not as fast of growth as the Region, it was much higher than Michiganís.  Projections indicate Mecosta Countyís population will continue to grow and by 2030 will reach 51,772. 

 

Table 27 Ė Population Trends & Projections for Mecosta County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Trends

Projections

1980

1990

2000

2010

% Change

2020

2030

Mecosta County

36,961

37,317

40,553

42,798

15.8

47,285

51,772

Region 8

837,655

948,502

1,104,848

1,171,404

39.8

1,319,388

1,467,370

Michigan

9,262,078

9,295,277

9,938,444

9,883,640

6.7

10,695,993

10,964,172

Source:  U.S. Census of Population, WMRPC, Michigan Department of Technology, Management and Budget

 

Population Traits Ė Table 28 compares Mecosta Countyís population traits to the Regionís and the State of Michiganís. Between 2000 and 2010 the Countyís population increased by 5.5 percent to reach 42,798 while the Regionís population increased by 6.0 percent to reach 1,171,404 and the State of Michiganís population decreased by 0.6 percent to reach 9,883,640 during the same period.  The Countyís population under the age of five makes up 5.2 percent of the population, which is lower than the Regionís amount of 6.9 percent and the State of Michigan figure of 6.0 percent.  Mecosta County has lower percentage of residents under 18 (20.0 percent) than the Region (25.7 percent) or Michigan (23.7 percent).  The Countyís population 65 and over makes up 15.4 percent of the population, which is higher than the Regionís figure of 11.9 percent and Michiganís figure of 13.8 percent.  The Countyís median household size of 2.34 is lower than the Regionís median of 2.62 and Michiganís median of 2.53.  Mecosta County is unusual since it has fewer women than men (49.8 percent women and 50.2 percent men) due in part to the programs offered at Ferris State University.  The Region has a lower percentage of women (50.4 percent) than Michigan (50.9 percent) Ė and a higher ratio of men than the State as-a-whole.   

 

Table 28 Ė 2010 Population Traits for Mecosta County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Mecosta County

Region 8

Michigan

2000 Population

40,553

1,104,848

9,938,444

2010 Population

42,798

1,171,404

9,883,640

% Change 2000-2010

5.5

6.0

-0.6

% Under 5

5.2

6.9

6.0

% Under

20.0

25.7

23.7

% 65 and Over

15.4

11.9

13.8

Number of Households

16,081

432,595

3,843,997

Persons Per Household

2.34

2.62

2.53

% Female

49.8

50.4

50.9

% Male

50.2

49.6

49.1

% White

93.7

85.7

78.9

% Black

2.5

5.9

14.2

% American Indian & Alaska Native

0.6

0.5

0.6

% Asian

0.7

1.9

2.4

% Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander

--

--

--

% Reporting 2 or More Races

2.1

2.4

2.3

% Hispanic or Latino

1.7

8.1

4.4

% of People 25+ with High School Degree

97.7

88.9

88.0

% of People 25+ with Bachelorís  Degree or Higher

20.1

26.1

25.0

% of Population Veterans

8.3

6.5

7.4

Source:  U.S. Census of Population; American Community Survey

 

Racial distribution is also different between the County, Region, and the State of Michigan.  There is a higher percentage of Whites in Mecosta County (93.7 percent) than either the Region (85.7 percent) or Michigan (78.9 percent).  The County has a lower percentage of Blacks (2.5 percent) than The Region (5.9 percent) or Michigan (14.2 percent).  The Countyís percentage of Native Indian and Alaska Native (0.6 percent) is similar to the Region and Michigan (0.5 percent in the Region and 0.6 percent in Michigan).  The County has a lower percentage of Asians (0.7 percent) than the Region (1.9 percent) or Michigan (2.4 percent).  The County has a slightly lower percentage of residents reporting two or more races (2.1 percent) than the Region (2.4 percent) or Michigan as-a-whole (2.3 percent).  Mecosta Countyís percentage of Hispanics or Latinos (1.7 percent) is lower than the Region (8.1 percent) or Michigan (4.4 percent).     

 

In Mecosta County, 97.7 percent of people over 25 have a high school degree compared to 88.9 percent of the population in the Region and 88.0 percent in Michigan.  Conversely, 20.1 percent of the Countyís population over the age of 25 has a bachelorís degree or higher, while 26.1 percent of the Regionís population and 25.0 percent of Michiganís over 25 population has at least a bachelorís degree (many are seeking a degree at Ferris State University).  The Countyís Veteranís make up 8.3 percent of the population while the Regionís Veteranís comprise 6.5 percent of the population and Michiganís make up 7.4 percent.

 

Housing Traits Ė Table 29 identifies information about housing in Mecosta County, the Region, and the State of Michigan.  Mecosta County varies from the Region and Michigan, which are very similar to each other.  The homeownership rate in Mecosta County (73.4 percent) is slightly lower than the Region (75.8 percent of the housing units) or Michigan (74.2 percent).  The Countyís percentage of multi-family units (10.8 percent) is much lower than the Regionís rate of 18.6 percent or Michiganís figure of 18.0 percent.  Finally, the median value of owner occupied housing in Mecosta County of $119,200 is lower than the Regionís median of $144,870 or the Stateís median of $144,200.

 

Table 29 Ė 2010 Housing Traits for Mecosta County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Mecosta County

Region 8

Michigan

Number of Housing Units

21,131

486,587

4,532,233

Homeownership Rate

73.4

75.8

74.2

% Multi Unit

10.8

18.6

18.0

Median Value of Owner Occupied Housing Units

$119,200

$144,870

$144,200

Source:  U.S. Census of Population; American Community Survey

 

Income and Business Traits Ė Table 30 includes income information and business traits for Mecosta County, Region 8, and the State of Michigan.  Mecosta Countyís median household income of $35,887 is considerably lower than Region 8ís median of $49,369 or Michiganís median of $48,432, and the Countyís per capita income of $18,745 is lower than the Regionís amount of $23,697 or Michiganís figure of $25,135. Mecosta County has a higher percentage of people below the poverty level (20.6 percent) than Region 8 (13.4 percent) or Michigan (14.8 percent).   

 

Table 30 also shows some facts related to business and sales.  In 2007 Mecosta County had 3,150 businesses, which equaled 0.074 businesses per capita, which was lower than the State of Michigan and the Region (both were 0.083).  When the per capita sales of the various types of businesses are compared between the County, Region, and Michigan it shows that the County has fewer Manufacturing Sales ($15,612 in Mecosta County versus $27,601 in the Region and $23,721 in Michigan).  Wholesaler Sales figures were not available for the County.  Retail Sales ($11,353 per capita in Mecosta County were similar to the Region ($11,096) and higher than in Michigan ($10,855).  With per capita sales of $1,470, Michigan did better than the Region ($1,252) or Mecosta County ($1,029) in Accommodations.  The County had a lower ratio of building permits than the Region or the State of Michigan.  Mecosta Countyís commute time of 23.3 minutes was longer than the Regionís commute of 21.6 minutes, but shorter than Michiganís 23.7 minutes.

 

Table 30 Ė Income & Business Traits for Mecosta County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Mecosta County

Region 8

Michigan

2010 Median Household Income

$35,887

$49,369

$48,432

2010 Per Capita Income

$18,745

$23,697

$25,135

Persons Below Poverty Level

20.6%

13.4%

14.8%

Number of Firms in 2007

3,150

97,331

816,972

Number of Firms Per Capita

0.074

0.083

0.083

Manufacturing Shipments ($1,000)

668,177

$32,332,374

$234,455,768

Manufacturing Shipments Per Capita

$15,612

$27,601

$23,721

Wholesaler Sales ($1,000)

---

$15,949,448

$107,109,349

Wholesaler Sales Per Capita

---

$13,615

$10,837

Retail Sales ($1,000)

474,988

$12,943,553

$109,102,594

Retail Sales Per Capita

$11,352

$11,096

$10,855

Accommodations and Food Services Sales ($1,000)

44,055

$1,467,699

$14,536,648

Accommodations and Food Services Sales Per Capita

$1,029

$1,252

$1,470

Building Permits (2010)

35

1,421

9,075

Building Permits Per Capita

0.0008

0.0012

0.0009

Mean Travel Time to Work (minutes)

23.3

21.6

23.7

Source:  U.S. Census of Population; American Community Survey

 

Table 31 shows differences between employment distribution in Mecosta County, Region 8, and the State of Michigan.  In Mecosta County there are 16,464 people over 16 employed in the civilian labor force, In Region 8 this figure is 544,940 and in Michigan the figure is 4,369,785.  Mecosta County has a much higher percentage of people employed in Educational Services, Health Care, and Social Assistance (31.2 percent) than the Region (21.4 percent) or Michigan (23.2 percent).  This one category makes up almost one-third of the Countyís employment.  The County has a larger proportion of workers employed in Agriculture and related fields (2.7 percent than either the Region (1.8 percent) or Michigan (1.3 percent).  The County also has a higher percentage employed in construction (6.0 percent) than Region 8 (5.8 percent) or Michigan (5.3 percent).  The County has a higher percentage of Retail workers (13.5 percent) than Michigan and Region 8 (11.6 percent) which is the second largest employment category Mecosta County.  Arts, Entertainment, Accommodations, and Food Services account for 9.6 percent of the Countyís workforce, 8.1 percent of Region 8ís and 9.1 percent of the Stateís.  Public Administration accounts for 7.5 percent of Mecosta Countyís workforce, 2.5 percent of Region 8ís, and 3.8 percent of Michiganís.

 

In other categories, the County has a lower percentage than in Region 8 or Michigan.  Manufacturing accounts for 13.0 percent of the Countyís jobs (the Countyís third largest category), 20.3 percent of the Regionís workforce and 17.6 percent of Michiganís.  Wholesale trade accounts for 1.7 percent in the County, 4.1 percent in Region 8, and 2.8 percent in Michigan. Mecosta County has a lower percentage of workers in Transportation (3.6 percent versus 4.2 percent in Michigan and 3.9 percent in Region 8).  Information accounts for 1.3 percent in the County, 1.8 percent in Region 8 and 1.9 percent in Michigan.  Finance accounts for 3.7 percent of Mecosta Countyís workforce compared to 5.7 percent in Region 8 and Michigan.   Professional accounts for 6.1 percent in Mecosta County, 8.1 percent in Region 8 and 8.9 percent in Michigan.

 

Table 31 Ė 2010 Employment Traits in Mecosta County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Mecosta County

Region 8

Michigan

Population 16 and Over

34,957

896,649

7,836,314

   In Labor Force

19,168

601,797

4,944,003

Civilian Employed Population 16 and Over (# / %)

16,464/100.0

544,940/100.0

4,369,785/100.0

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting, and Mining

449/2.7

9,710/1.8

54,946/1.3

Construction

986/6.0

31,597/5.8

230,305/5.3

Manufacturing

2,139/13.0

110,547/20.3

770,715/17.6

Wholesale Trade

280/1.7

22,191/4.1

122,378/2.8

Retail Trade

2,226/13.5

63,181/11.6

507,530/11.6

Transportation and Warehousing, and Utilities

590/3.6

21,498/3.9

181,648/4.2

Information

209/1.3

9,581/1.8

82,395/1.9

Finance and Insurance, and Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

617/3.7

31,244/5.7

250,855/5.7

Professional, Scientific, and Management, and Administrative and Waste Management Services

998/6.1

43,961/8.1

388,626/8.9

Educational Services, and Health Care and Social Assistance

5,139/31.2

116,389/21.4

1,012,153/23.2

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation, and Accommodation and Food Services

1,581/9.6

44,058/8.1

397,267/9.1

Other Services, Except Public Administration

758/4.6

27,144/5.0

206,152/4.7

Public Administration

492/3.0

13,839/2.5

164,815/3.8

Source:  U.S. Census of Population; American Community Survey

 

Table 32 shows the unemployment trends for Mecosta County, Region 8, Michigan, and the United States for the five year period between 2007 and 2011.  Mecosta Countyís unemployment rate ranged from a low of 7.4 percent in 2007 to a high of 12.5 percent in 2009 before dropping to 12.1 percent in 2010 and 10.5 percent in 2011.  The Countyís labor force decreased over the five year period from 20,215 in 2007 to 19,984 in 2011.  Mecosta Countyís unemployment rate was higher than Region 8ís for the entire period and higher than Michiganís for three of the five years. Region 8ís unemployment rate ranged from a low of 6.2 percent in 2007 to a high of 11.6 percent in 2009 before it decreased in 2010 to 11.0 percent and again in 2011 to 8.6 percent.  Region 8ís unemployment rate was lower than Michiganís during the entire five year period.  Region 8ís unemployment rate was higher than the National average until 2011 when it dropped below the United Stateís average for the first time in many years.

 

Table 32 Ė Employment Trends in Mecosta County, Region 8, Michigan, and the United States

 

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Mecosta County

  Labor Force

20,215

19,879

20,011

20,208

19,984

  Employment

18,720

18,172

17,517

17,767

17,885

  Unemployment

1,495

1,707

2,494

2,441

2,098

  Unemployment Rate

7.4

8.6

12.5

12.1

10.5

Region 8

  Unemployment Rate

6.2

7.3

11.6

11.0

8.6

Michigan

  Unemployment Rate

7.1

8.3

13.4

12.7

10.3

United States

  Unemployment Rate

4.6

5.8

9.3

9.6

8.9

Source:  Michigan Department of Career Development, Labor Market Information

  

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