KENT COUNTY

 

Population Trends & Projections Ė Kent Countyís population increased by 35.6 percent between 1980 and 2010 to reach a total of 574,335 (Table 21).  Kent County grew at a much greater rate than Michigan as-a-whole, which increased by 6.7 percent between 1980 and 2010.  Projections indicate Kent Countyís population will continue to grow and by 2030 will reach 731,472. 

 

Table 21 Ė Population Trends & Projections for Kent County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Trends

Projections

1980

1990

2000

2010

% Change

2020

2030

Kent County

444,506

500,631

574,335

602,622

35.6

667,047

731,472

Region 8

837,655

948,502

1,104,848

1,171,404

39.8

1,319,388

1,467,370

Michigan

9,262,078

9,295,277

9,938,444

9,883,640

6.7

10,695,993

10,964,172

Source:  U.S. Census of Population, WMRPC, Michigan Department of Technology, Management and Budget

 

Population Traits Ė Table 22 compares Kent Countyís population traits to the Regionís and the State of Michiganís. Between 2000 and 2010 the Countyís population increased by 4.9 percent to reach 602,622 while the Regionís population increased by 6.0 percent to reach 1,171,404 and the State of Michiganís population decreased by 0.6 percent to reach 9,883,640 during the same period.  The Countyís population under the age of five makes up 7.3 percent of the population, which is higher than the Regionís amount of 6.9 percent and the State of Michigan figure of 6.0 percent.  Kent County has a higher percentage of residents under 18 (26.2 percent) than the Region (25.7 percent) or Michigan (23.7 percent).  The Countyís population 65 and over makes up 11.1 percent of the population, which is lower than the Regionís figure of 11.9 percent and Michiganís figure of 13.8 percent.  The Countyís median household sizes of 2.58 is lower than the Regionís figure of 2.62 and larger than Michiganís median of 2.53.  Kent County is made up of 51.0 percent women and 49.0 percent men.  The Region has a lower percentage of women (50.4 percent) than Michigan (50.9 percent) Ė and a higher ratio of men than the State as-a-whole.   

 

Racial distribution is also different between the County, Region, and the State of Michigan.  There is a lower percentage of Whites in Kent County (79.9 percent) than the Region (85.7 percent) and a slightly higher percentage than Michigan (78.9 percent).  The County has a higher percentage of Blacks (9.7 percent) than The Region (5.9 percent) and a lower percentage than Michigan (14.2 percent).  The Countyís percentage of Native Indian and Alaska Native (0.5 percent) is similar to the Region and Michigan (0.5 percent in the Region and 0.6 percent in Michigan).  The County has a higher percentage of Asians (2.3 percent) than the Region (1.9 percent) and is similar to Michigan (2.4 percent).  The County has a higher percentage of residents reporting two or more races (3.0 percent) than the Region (2.4 percent) or Michigan as-a-whole (2.3 percent).  Kent Countyís percentage of Hispanics or Latinos (9.7 percent) is higher than the Region (8.1 percent) or Michigan (4.4 percent).     

 

In Kent County, 88.3 percent of people over 25 have a high school degree compared to 88.9 percent of the population in the Region and 88.0 percent in Michigan.  A large percentage (29.9 percent) of the Countyís population over the age of 25 has a bachelorís degree or higher, while 26.1 percent of the Regionís and 25.0 percent of Michiganís over 25 population has at least a bachelorís degree.  The Countyís Veteranís make up 6.0 percent of the population while the Regionís Veteranís comprise 6.5 percent of the population and Michiganís make up 7.4 percent.

 

Table 22 Ė 2010 Population Traits for Kent County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Kent County

Region 8

Michigan

2000 Population

574,335

1,104,848

9,938,444

2010 Population

602,622

1,171,404

9,883,640

% Change 2000-2010

4.9

6.0

-0.6

% Under 5

7.3

6.9

6.0

% Under

26.2

25.7

23.7

% 65 and Over

11.1

11.9

13.8

Number of Households

227,177

432,595

3,843,997

Persons Per Household

2.58

2.62

2.53

% Female

51.0

50.4

50.9

% Male

49.0

49.6

49.1

% White

79.9

85.7

78.9

% Black

9.7

5.9

14.2

% American Indian & Alaska Native

0.5

0.5

0.6

% Asian

2.3

1.9

2.4

% Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander

--

--

--

% Reporting 2 or More Races

3.0

2.4

2.3

% Hispanic or Latino

9.7

8.1

4.4

% of People 25+ with High School Degree

88.3

88.9

88.0

% of People 25+ with Bachelorís  Degree or Higher

29.9

26.1

25.0

% of Population Veterans

6.0

6.5

7.4

Source:  U.S. Census of Population; American Community Survey

 

Housing Traits Ė Table 23 identifies information about housing in Kent County, the Region, and the State of Michigan.  Kent County varies from the Region and Michigan, which are very similar to each other.  The homeownership rate in Kent County (71.3 percent) is lower than the Region (75.8 percent of the housing units) or Michigan (74.2 percent).  The Countyís percentage of multi-family units (24.4 percent) is much higher than the Regionís rate of 18.6 percent or Michiganís figure of 18.0 percent.  Finally, the median value of owner occupied housing in Kent County of $147,600 is slightly higher than the Regionís median of $144,870 or the Stateís median of $144,200.

 

Table 23 Ė 2010 Housing Traits for Kent County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Kent County

Region 8

Michigan

Number of Housing Units

246,901

486,587

4,532,233

Homeownership Rate

71.3

75.8

74.2

% Multi Unit

24.4

18.6

18.0

Median Value of Owner Occupied Housing Units

$147,600

$144,870

$144,200

Source:  U.S. Census of Population; American Community Survey

 

Income and Business Traits Ė Table 24 includes income information and business traits for Kent County, Region 8, and the State of Michigan.  Kent Countyís median household income of $49,532 is slightly higher than Region 8ís median of $49,369 and Michiganís median of $48,432.  The Countyís per capita income of $24,791 is higher than the Regionís amount of $23,697 and lower than Michiganís figure of $25,135.  Kent County has a higher percentage of people below the poverty level (14.3 percent) than Region 8 (13.4 percent) but lower than Michigan (14.8 percent).   

 

Table 24 Ė Income & Business Traits for Kent County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Kent County

Region 8

Michigan

2010 Median Household Income

$49,532

$49,369

$48,432

2010 Per Capita Income

$24,791

$23,697

$25,135

Persons Below Poverty Level

14.3

13.4%

14.8%

Number of Firms in 2007

52,369

97,331

816,972

Number of Firms Per Capita

0.087

0.083

0.083

Manufacturing Shipments ($1,000)

$15,738,279

$32,332,374

$234,455,768

Manufacturing Shipments Per Capita

$26,116

$27,601

$23,721

Wholesaler Sales ($1,000)

$13,020,792

$15,949,448

$107,109,349

Wholesaler Sales Per Capita

$21,606

$13,615

$10,837

Retail Sales ($1,000)

$8,058,005

$12,943,553

$109,102,594

Retail Sales Per Capita

$13,377

$11,096

$10,855

Accommodations & Food Serv. Sales ($1,000)

$925,177

$1,467,699

$14,536,648

Accommodations and Food Services Sales Per Capita

$1,535

$1,252

$1,470

Building Permits (2010)

694

1,421

9,075

Building Permits Per Capita

0.0012

0.0012

0.0009

Mean Travel Time to Work (minutes)

20.5

21.6

23.7

Source:  U.S. Census of Population; American Community Survey

 

Table 24 also shows some facts related to business and sales.  In 2007 Kent County had 52,369 businesses, which equaled 0.087 businesses per capita Ė which was higher than the State and the Region (both were 0.083).  Kent Countyís Manufacturing Sales ($26,116 per capita) were lower than $27,601 in the Region but higher than $23,721 in Michigan.  Wholesaler Sales were much higher in the County ($21,606 in Kent County, $13,615 in the Region, and $10,837 in Michigan) as were Retail Sales ($13,377 in Kent County, $11,096 in the Region, and $10,855 in Michigan).  With per capita sales of $1,470, Michigan did better than the Region ($1,252) but not Kent County ($1,535) in Accommodations.  The County had an identical ratio of building permits as the Region, but was higher than Michigan.  Kent Countyís commute time of 20.5 minutes was shorter than the Regionís commute of 21.6 minutes or Michiganís commute of 23.7 minutes.

 

Table 25 shows differences between employment distribution in Kent County, Region 8, and Michigan.  In Kent County there are 287,878 people over 16 employed in the civilian labor force, In Region 8 this figure is 544,940 and in Michigan the figure is 4,369,785.  Due to the fact that Kent County is the largest of the seven counties in Region 8, it has a similar employment distribution to Region 8 (and Michigan as-a-whole).  Education is the largest category for each of the comparison areas, followed by Manufacturing, and Retail Trade.  Most of the categories are within one percentage point between the County, Region, and State.  Manufacturing makes up a larger percentage of the workforce in Kent County (18.1 percent) and the Region (20.3 percent) than in the State as-a-whole (17.6 percent).  Wholesale Trade is another category with a greater than one percentage point difference Ė with the County at 4.6 percent, the Region at 4.1 percent, and Michigan at 2.8 percent.  Education services account for 21.9 percent of Kent Countyís jobs Ė which is more than the Region (21.4 percent) but less than Michigan (23.2 percent).   

       

Table 26 shows the unemployment trends for Kent County, Region 8, Michigan, and the United States for the five year period between 2007 and 2011.  Kent Countyís unemployment rate ranged from a low of 5.8 percent in 2007 to a high of 10.6 percent in 2009 before dropping to 10.2 percent in 2010 and 8.0 percent in 2011.  The Countyís labor force decreased each year dropping from a high of 326,163 in 2007 to 308,418 in 2011.  Kent Countyís unemployment rate was lower than Region 8ís (and Michiganís) for the entire period.  Region 8ís unemployment rate ranged from a low of 6.2 percent in 2007 to a high of 11.6 percent in 2009 before it decreased in 2010 to 11.0 percent and again in 2011 to 8.6 percent.  Region 8ís unemployment rate was lower than Michiganís during the entire five year period.  Region 8ís unemployment rate was higher than the National average until 2011 when it dropped below the United Stateís average.

  

Table 25 Ė 2010 Employment Traits in Kent County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Kent County

Region 8

Michigan

Population 16 and Over

457,916

896,649

7,836,314

   In Labor Force

317,773

601,797

4,944,003

Civilian Employed Population 16 and Over (# / %)

287,878/100.0

544,940/100.0

4,369,785/100.0

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting, and Mining

2,759/1.0

9,710/1.8

54,946/1.3

Construction

15,177/5.3

31,597/5.8

230,305/5.3

Manufacturing

52,040/18.1

110,547/20.3

770,715/17.6

Wholesale Trade

13,344/4.6

22,191/4.1

122,378/2.8

Retail Trade

33,394/11.6

63,181/11.6

507,530/11.6

Transportation and Warehousing, and Utilities

10,466/3.6

21,498/3.9

181,648/4.2

Information

5,875/2.0

9,581/1.8

82,395/1.9

Finance and Insurance, and Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

19,218/6.7

31,244/5.7

250,855/5.7

Professional, Scientific, and Management, and Administrative and Waste Management Services

27,280/9.5

43,961/8.1

388,626/8.9

Educational Services, and Health Care and Social Assistance

63,144/21.9

116,389/21.4

1,012,153/23.2

Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation, and Accommodation and Food Services

24,687/8.6

44,058/8.1

397,267/9.1

Other Services, Except Public Administration

14,499/5.0

27,144/5.0

206,152/4.7

Public Administration

5,995/2.1

13,839/2.5

164,815/3.8

Source:  U.S. Census of Population; American Community Survey

 

Table 26 Ė Employment Trends in Kent County, Region 8, Michigan, and the United States

 

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Kent County

  Labor Force

326,163

322,912

309,804

308,845

308,418

  Employment

307,304

301,064

276,957

277,433

283,679

  Unemployment

18,859

21,848

32,847

31,412

24,739

  Unemployment Rate

5.8

6.8

10.6

10.2

8.0

Region 8

  Unemployment Rate

6.2

7.3

11.6

11.0

8.6

Michigan

  Unemployment Rate

7.1

8.3

13.4

12.7

10.3

United States

  Unemployment Rate

4.6

5.8

9.3

9.6

8.9

Source:  Michigan Department of Career Development, Labor Market Information

  

Kent County Map

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