IONIA COUNTY

 

Population Trends & Projections Ė Ionia Countyís population increased by 25.4 percent between 1980 and 2010 to reach a total of 63,905 (Table 15).  Projections indicate Ionia Countyís population will continue to grow and by 2030 will reach 74,796. 

 

Table 15 Ė Population Trends & Projections for Ionia County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Trends

Projections

1980

1990

2000

2010

% Change

2020

2030

Ionia County

50,976

57,024

61,518

63,905

25.4

69,350

74,796

Region 8

837,655

948,502

1,104,848

1,171,404

39.8

1,319,388

1,467,370

Michigan

9,262,078

9,295,277

9,938,444

9,883,640

6.7

10,695,993

10,964,172

Source:  U.S. Census of Population, WMRPC, Michigan Department of Technology, Management and Budget

 

Population Traits Ė Table 16 compares Ionia Countyís population traits to the Regionís and the State of Michiganís. Between 2000 and 2010 the Countyís population increased by 3.9 percent to reach 63,905 while the Regionís population increased by 6.0 percent to reach 1,171,404 and the State of Michiganís population decreased by 0.6 percent to reach 9,883,640 during the same period.  The Countyís population under the age of five makes up 6.4 percent of the population, which is between the Regionís amount of 6.9 percent and the State of Michigan figure of 6.0 percent.  Ionia County has a similar percentage of residents under 18 (24.5 percent) as the Region (25.7 percent) and Michigan (23.7 percent).  The Countyís population 65 and over makes up 11.3 percent of the population, which is lower than the Regionís figure of 11.9 percent and Michiganís figure of 13.8 percent.  The Countyís and Regionís nearly identical median household sizes of 2.63 and 2.62 persons per household are larger than Michiganís median of 2.53.  Ionia County is unusual since it has fewer women than men (46.3 percent women and 53.7 percent men) due in part to the concentration of prisons in the County.  The Region has a lower percentage of women (50.4 percent) than Michigan (50.9 percent) Ė and a higher ratio of men than the State as-a-whole.

 

Racial distribution is also different between the County, Region, and the State of Michigan.  There is a higher percentage of Whites in Ionia County (91.6 percent) than either the Region (85.7 percent) or Michigan (78.9 percent).  The County has a lower percentage of Blacks (4.7 percent) than The Region (5.9 percent) or Michigan (14.2 percent).  The Countyís percentage of Native Indian and Alaska Native (0.5 percent) is similar to the Region and Michigan (0.5 percent in the Region and 0.6 percent in Michigan).  The County has a lower percentage of Asians (0.4 percent) than the Region (1.9 percent) or Michigan (2.4 percent).  The County has a lower percentage of residents reporting two or more races (1.4 percent) than the Region (2.4 percent) or Michigan as-a-whole (2.3 percent).  Ionia Countyís percentage of Hispanics or Latinos (4.4 percent) is lower than the Region (8.1 percent) and the same as Michigan.     

 

In Ionia County, 86.7 percent of people over 25 have a high school degree compared to 88.9 percent of the population in the Region and 88.0 percent in Michigan.  Similarly, 13.1 percent of the Countyís population over the age of 25 has a bachelorís degree or higher, while 26.1 percent of the Regionís population and 25.0 percent of Michiganís over 25 population has at least a bachelorís degree.  The Countyís Veteranís make up 8.2 percent of the population while the Regionís Veteranís comprise 6.5 percent of the population and Michiganís make up 7.4 percent.

 

Table 16 Ė 2010 Population Traits for Ionia County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Ionia County

Region 8

Michigan

2000 Population

61,518

1,104,848

9,938,444

2010 Population

63,905

1,171,404

9,883,640

% Change 2000-2010

3.9

6.0

-0.6

% Under 5

6.4

6.9

6.0

% Under

24.5

25.7

23.7

% 65 and Over

11.3

11.9

13.8

Number of Households

22,645

432,595

3,843,997

Persons Per Household

2.63

2.62

2.53

% Female

46.3

50.4

50.9

% Male

53.7

49.6

49.1

% White

91.6

85.7

78.9

% Black

4.7

5.9

14.2

% American Indian & Alaska Native

0.5

0.5

0.6

% Asian

0.4

1.9

2.4

% Native Hawaiian & Other Pacific Islander

--

--

--

% Reporting 2 or More Races

1.4

2.4

2.3

% Hispanic or Latino

4.4

8.1

4.4

% of People 25+ with High School Degree

86.7

88.9

88.0

% of People 25+ with Bachelorís  Degree or Higher

13.1

26.1

25.0

% of Population Veterans

8.2

6.5

7.4

Source:  U.S. Census of Population; American Community Survey

 

Housing Traits Ė Table 17 identifies information about housing in Ionia County, the Region, and the State of Michigan.  Ionia County varies from the Region and Michigan, which are very similar to each other.  The homeownership rate in Ionia County (79.1 percent) is higher than the Region (75.8 percent of the housing units) or Michigan (74.2 percent).  The Countyís percentage of multi-family units (12.9 percent) is much lower than the Regionís rate of 18.6 percent or Michiganís figure of 18.0 percent.  Finally, the median value of owner occupied housing in Ionia County of $123,700 is lower than the Regionís median of $144,870 or the Stateís median of $144,200.

 

Table 17 Ė 2010 Housing Traits for Ionia County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Ionia County

Region 8

Michigan

Number of Housing Units

24,778

486,587

4,532,233

Homeownership Rate

79.1

75.8

74.2

% Multi Unit

12.9

18.6

18.0

Median Value of Owner Occupied Housing Units

$123,700

$144,870

$144,200

Source:  U.S. Census of Population; American Community Survey

  

Income and Business Traits Ė Table 18 includes income information and business traits for Ionia County, Region 8, and the State of Michigan.  Ionia Countyís median household income of $46,454 is lower than Region 8ís median of $49,369 or Michiganís median of $48,432, and the Countyís per capita income of $19,386 is lower than the Regionís amount of $23,697 or Michiganís figure of $25,135.  Ionia County has a higher percentage of people below the poverty level (15.4 percent) than Region 8 (13.4 percent) or Michigan (14.8 percent).   

 

Table 18 Ė Income & Business Traits for Ionia County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Ionia County

Region 8

Michigan

2010 Median Household Income

$46,454

$49,369

$48,432

2010 Per Capita Income

$19,386

$23,697

$25,135

Persons Below Poverty Level

15.4%

13.4%

14.8%

Number of Firms in 2007

3,731

97,331

816,972

Number of Firms Per Capita

0.058

0.083

0.083

Manufacturing Shipments ($1,000)

$1,117,372

$32,332,374

$234,455,768

Manufacturing Shipments Per Capita

$17,484

$27,601

$23,721

Wholesaler Sales ($1,000)

$118,801

$15,949,448

$107,109,349

Wholesaler Sales Per Capita

$1,859

$13,615

$10,837

Retail Sales ($1,000)

$446,654

$12,943,553

$109,102,594

Retail Sales Per Capita

$6,976

$11,096

$10,855

Accommodation and Food Services Sales ($1,000)

$37,417

$1,467,699

$14,536,648

Acc. and Food Services Sales Per Capita

$585

$1,252

$1,470

Building Permits (2010)

28

1,421

9,075

Building Permits Per Capita

0.0004

0.0012

0.0009

Mean Travel Time to Work (minutes)

26.5

21.6

23.7

Source:  U.S. Census of Population; American Community Survey

 

Table 18 also shows some facts related to business and sales.  In 2007 Ionia County had 3,737 businesses, which equaled 0.058 businesses per capita Ė which was lower than the State of Michigan and the Region (both were 0.083).  When the per capita sales of the various types of businesses are compared between the County, Region, and Michigan it shows that the County has fewer Manufacturing Sales ($17,484 in Ionia County versus $27,601 in the Region and $23,721 in Michigan).  Wholesaler Sales were much lower in the County ($1,859 in Ionia County, $13,615 in the Region, and $10,837 in Michigan) as were Retail Sales ($6,976 in Ionia County, $11,096 in the Region, and $10,855 in Michigan).  With per capita sales of $1,470, Michigan did better than the Region ($1,252) or Ionia County ($585) in Accommodations.  The County had a lower ratio of building permits than the Region or Michigan.  Ionia Countyís commute time of 26.5 minutes was longer than the Regionís commute of 21.6 minutes or Michiganís commute of 23.7 minutes.

 

Table 19 shows differences between employment distribution in Ionia County, Region 8, and the State of Michigan.  In Ionia County there are 26,751 people over 16 employed in the civilian labor force, In Region 8 this figure is 544,940 and in Michigan the figure is 4,369,785.  Ionia County has a higher percentage of people employed in Agriculture and related fields (4.5 percent) than either the Region (1.8 percent) or Michigan (1.3 percent).  The County also has a higher percentage employed in construction (6.3 percent) than Region 8 (5.8 percent) or Michigan (5.3 percent).  Manufacturing accounts for 19.5 percent of the Countyís jobs (the Countyís largest category), 20.3 percent of the Regionís workforce and 17.6 percent of Michiganís.  The County has a higher percentage of Retail workers (12.0 percent) than Michigan and Region 8 (11.6 percent) which is the third largest employment category in all three areas.  Ionia County has a higher percentage of workers in Transportation (4.4 percent versus 4.2 percent in Michigan and 3.9 percent in Region 8).  Finance accounts for 7.0 percent of Ionia Countyís workforce compared to 5.7 percent in Region 8 and Michigan.  Public Administration accounts for 7.5 percent of Ionia Countyís workforce, 2.5 percent of Region 8ís, and 3.8 percent of Michiganís. Wholesale trade accounts for 3.2 percent in the County, 4.1 percent in Region 8, and 2.8 percent in Michigan.

 

Table 19 Ė 2010 Employment Traits in Ionia County, Region 8, and Michigan

 

Ionia County

Region 8

Michigan

Population 16 and Over

50,242

896,649

7,836,314

   In Labor Force

30,191

601,797

4,944,003

Civilian Employed Population 16 and Over (# / %)

26,751/100.0

544,940/100.0

4,369,785/100.0

Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing and Hunting, and Mining

1,202/4.5

9,710/1.8

54,946/1.3

Construction

1,691/6.3

31,597/5.8

230,305/5.3

Manufacturing

5,206/19.5

110,547/20.3

770,715/17.6

Wholesale Trade

850/3.2

22,191/4.1

122,378/2.8

Retail Trade

3,198/12.0

63,181/11.6

507,530/11.6

Transportation and Warehousing, and Utilities

1,178/4.4

21,498/3.9

181,648/4.2

Information

342/1.3

9,581/1.8

82,395/1.9

Finance and Insurance, Real Estate and Rental and Leasing

1,867/7.0

31,244/5.7

250,855/5.7

Profess., Scien., and Mngt., and Admin. and Waste Mngt.

1,494/5.6

43,961/8.1

388,626/8.9

Educational Services, and Health Care and Social Assistance

4,641/17.3

116,389/21.4

1,012,153/23.2

Arts, Entertainment, and Rec., and Acc. and Food Services

1,756/6.6

44,058/8.1

397,267/9.1

Other Services, Except Public Administration

1,312/4.9

27,144/5.0

206,152/4.7

Public Administration

2,014/7.5

13,839/2.5

164,815/3.8

Source:  U.S. Census of Population; American Community Survey

 

In other categories, the County has a lower percentage than in Region 8 or Michigan:  Information accounts for 1.3 percent in the County, 1.8 percent in Region 8 and 1.9 percent in Michigan; Professional accounts for 5.6 percent in Ionia County, 8.1 percent in Region 8 and 8.9 percent in Michigan; Education, Health Care, and Social Services account for 17.3 percent (the Countyís second largest category) of the Countyís workforce, 21.4 percent of the Regionís, and 23.2 percent of Michiganís; and Arts, Entertainment, Accommodations, and Food Services account for 6.6 percent of the Countyís workforce, 8.1 percent of Region 8ís and 9.1 percent of the Stateís.

 

Table 20 shows the unemployment trends for Ionia County, Region 8, Michigan, and the United States for the five year period between 2007 and 2011.  Ionia Countyís unemployment rate ranged from a low of 7.4 percent in 2007 to a high of 13.6 percent in 2009 before dropping to 12.6 percent in 2010 and 10.2 percent in 2011.  The Countyís labor force decreased each year dropping from a high of 30,725 in 2007 to 28,383 in 2011.  Ionia Countyís unemployment rate was a higher than Region 8ís for the entire period and higher than Michiganís for the first three years before decreasing in 2010 and 2011.  Region 8ís unemployment rate ranged from a low of 6.2 percent in 2007 to a high of 11.6 percent in 2009 before it decreased in 2010 to 11.0 percent and again in 2011 to 8.6 percent.  Region 8ís unemployment rate was lower than Michiganís during the entire five year period.  Region 8ís unemployment rate was higher than the National average until 2011 when it dropped below the United Stateís average for the first time in many years. 

 

Table 20 Ė Employment Trends in Ionia County, Region 8, Michigan, and the United States

 

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Ionia County

  Labor Force

30,725

30,292

28,822

28,524

28,383

  Employment

28,462

27,748

24,895

24,938

25,500

  Unemployment

2,263

2,544

3,927

3,586

2,883

  Unemployment Rate

7.4

8.4

13.6

12.6

10.2

Region 8

  Unemployment Rate

6.2

7.3

11.6

11.0

8.6

Michigan

  Unemployment Rate

7.1

8.3

13.4

12.7

10.3

United States

  Unemployment Rate

4.6

5.8

9.3

9.6

8.9

Source:  Michigan Department of Career Development, Labor Market Information

 

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